Government, well we have a system based on the British system. But we have municipal, provincial and federal divisions of gov't each with their own set of taxation, enforcement and policies. When we vote, we don't vote on a single leader, we vote for a member of that political party in our local ridings. For example in Mississauga South, we have 4 Federal candidates that represent each party, Liberal, Progressive Conservative, New Demcratic Party and Green Party. Quebec has the separitist party the Bloc Quebecois. At election time we vote for a local riding candidate and their party leader then wins if enough ridings are won nation wide.
Recently we did have an election and Paul Martin, the leader of the Liberal party won a minority goverment, he is the the PM and the Liberal have the most seats (ridings) but didnt win enough ridings nation wide to control the balance of power.
Balloting is dead easy, 4 names, you pick one....done.
Notable achievements: Insulin, CANDU reactors, AVRO Arrow (to bad is was scraped), the telephone, UN Peacekeeping, Vimy Ridge in WW1, thats all that comes to mind off the bat at 12am on a Monday